CTMQ is Going National!
But we do have national… Stuff. The most important of these are probably the 60 National Historic Landmarks that dot the state. But we also have a National Historic Trail and two National Scenic Trails (okay, parts of all three, but we’ll take it.) There are 8 National Natural Landmarks (more like 7.5), 2 National Scenic Byways and 2 National Heritage Areas (which is actually 2 halves of 2 areas). We also have 1 National Historic Site as well.
Quick Quiz – Name them all. (Hint: Hoang is giving the CTMQ Thumbs up at one that she actually worked on to get the designation above. That’s one.) Give up? Well, that’s why I’m here.
Note: I will not, not ever, attempt to do anything with the National Register of Historic Places places in Connecticut. My man Daniel handles most of them with aplomb.
[Note: 90% of the NHL Reports will be from Wikipedia or other (actual) source material.]
National Historic Landmarks (61)
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its historical significance. All NHLs are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Out of more than 80,000 places on the National Register, however, only about 2,430 are NHLs.
A National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) is a historic district that is recognized as a NHL. It may include contributing properties that have buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties.
NHLs are designated by the United States Secretary of the Interior because they are:
Note: If you’re viewing this table on certain versions of Explorer, it looks funky. But you’re using Explorer, so that’s your problem, not mine.
|Canterbury||Prudence Crandall House||Yes||Freedom, Art & Women’s Trail|
|Darien||Stephen Tyng Mather Home||Go Here||No||No|
|E. Granby||Old Newgate Prison||Yes||No|
|Easton||Ida Tarbell House||Go here||No||No|
|Fairfield||Birdcraft Museum & Sanctuary||Yes||US First, Women’s Tr|
|Jonathan Sturges House||Go Here||No||No|
|Farmington||Austin F. Williams House||Go Here||No||Amistad Trail|
|Hill-Stead||Yes||Art & Women’s Trail|
|First Church||Go Here||No||Amistad Tr|
|Stanley-Whitman House||Go Here||Yes – Here||No|
|Glastonbury||Kimberly Mansion||Go Here||No||Freedom Trail|
|Greenwich||Bush-Holley House||Yes||Art & Women’s Tr|
|Guilford||Henry Whitfield House||Yes||CT Oldest|
|Hartford||Coltsville||Go Here||Not yet||Statuary & Sports|
|Harriet Beecher Stowe House||Yes – Here||Women’s Heritage, Underground RR|
|Henry Barnard House||Go Here||No||No|
|State Capitol Bldg||Go Here||Yes – Here||No|
|Old State House||Go Here||Yes – Here||Women’s Tr|
|Mark Twain House||Yes||No|
|A. Everett Austin House||Go Here||No||Wallace Stevens Walk|
|Lebanon||William Williams House||No||No|
|John Trumbull birthplace||Yes||No|
|Ledyard||Mash. Pequot Archeological District||Yes||No|
|Litchfield||Tapping Reeve House and Law School||Yes||US First|
|Oliver Wolcott House||No||No|
|Litchfield Historic District||Yes||No|
|Manchester||Cheney Bros Historic District||Go Here||Yes (1, 2,3, 4, 5)||No|
|Middletown||Richard Alsop IV House||Go Here||Yes||No|
|Samuel Wadsworth Russell House||Go Here||No||Middletown Heritage Trail|
|Montville||Fort Shantok Arch. District||Go Here||No||Burial Grounds|
|Mystic||Emma C. Berry||Yes-Here||No|
|Charles W. Morgan||Yes-here||No|
|New Canaan||Philip Johnson Glass House||Go Here||Yes-Here||New Canaan Modern Tour|
|John Rogers Studio||Yes||No|
|New Haven||Grove St. Cemetery||Go Here||No||Amistad Trail & Oldest/Tour|
|Connecticut Hall||Go Here||No||No|
|NH Green Historic District||Go Here||Sort of – Here||Fr Trail & Amistad Trail|
|Lafayette B. Mendel House||Go Here||No||No|
|Russell Henry Chittenden House||Go Here||No||No|
|James Dwight Dana House||Go Here||No||No|
|Othniel C. Marsh House||Go here||Yes - Sorta||No|
|CT Agricultural Experimental Station||Go Here||Yes – Sorta||US First|
|New London||Monte Christo Cottage||Yes||No|
|Norwalk||Lockwood-Mathews Mansion||Yes||Women’s Tr|
|Old Lyme||Florence Griswold House||Yes||Art Trail, Women’s Tr|
|Plainville||Charles H. Norton House||Go Here||No||No|
|Portland||Brownstone Quarries||No||One Day Event|
|Ridgefield||Frederick Remington House||No||No|
|Scotland||Samuel Huntington Birthplace||Yes||No|
|Stonington||Capt. Nathaniel Palmer House||Go Here||Yes – Here||No|
|West Hartford||Noah Webster Birthplace||Yes||No|
|Edward W. Morley House||Go Here||No||No|
|Wethersfield||Buttolph Williams House||Go Here||Yes – Here||No|
|Silas Deane House||Yes||Women’s Tr|
|Joseph Webb House||Yes||Women’s Tr|
|Windsor||Oliver Ellsworth Homestead||Yes||No|
|Woodstock||Henry C. Bowen House||Yes||No|
Buttolph-Williams House door knocker
This one also throws some Nutmeggers for a loop. This is the closest thing we have to a National Park here and it’s a farm. Known for art.
A National Historic Site usually contains a single historical feature that was directly associated with its subject. Derived from the Historic Sites Act of 1935, a number of historic sites were established by secretaries of the Interior, but most have been authorized by acts of Congress. At present, there are 79 national historic sites in the National Park System.
It must be said that this list may double in the near future with the addition of the Colt Armory in Hartford. One would hope anyway… CTMQ friend Bill Hosley (and many others) have been championing this effort for many years, but our state finds other things they find more important at the present. I’ll stay on top of the effort and I believe it will come to be before too long. (I’m writing this on 12/16/2009 for the record.)
1. Weir Farm National Historic Site, Wilton/Ridgefield
(Also a museum and on the Art Trail.)